aspasia_roma (aspasia_roma) wrote,
aspasia_roma
aspasia_roma

Стены и башни Хох-Кенигсбурга.


История этого грандиозного замка, настоящей славы германской нации, вполне достойна его великолепия. Я лишь в общем замечу,  что стоит ознакомиться с невероятными перипетиями "биографии" памятника. Тем более, наверняка возникнет изумление: "Постойте-ка! Как слава германского духа?  Замок-то во Франции?" В этом вся и заковырка.


Восстановлен по приказу Вильгельма Второго Гогенцоллерна, императора, с именем которого связан конец династии. Лучший архитектор и знаток замков работал здесь с огромной бригадой девять лет. В этом году вновь восстанновленный  в начале 20 века замок отмечал свое столетие.


На фото слева видны крупные фотографии того, что было на этом месте до 1899 г., когда началась эпопея восстановления давно разрушенного чуда фортификационной архитектуры.
На фотографии в центре - это обычная для стиля Ренессанс винтовая лестница. Две другие фотки сделаны снаружи замка.
Это гигантская постройка даже для жителей 20 в. Что же говорить о романских веках, когда началось его строительство.
Сделаем раздельно пост по архитектуре. Следующий будет о внутренних покоях, деталях отделки и прочей мелочи.


 france-travel.suite101.com/article.cfm/top_french_castles_chateau_du_haut_koenigsbourg

 

Chateau du Haut Koenigsbourg is one of the greatest medieval castles to visit in France. The castle is located in the Alsace region, which has long been part of Germany. This partly explains why the castle’s name is derived from the German Hoch Königsburg, meaning High King’s Castle. The present castle is mostly an early twentieth-century German interpretation of what a medieval castle should have looked like – Chateau du Haut Koenigsbourg celebrated its centenary in 2008.

  • Chateau du Haut Koenigsbourg is a great sightseeing destination when traveling with children of most ages as visitors may roam freely without compulsory guided tours.

The Construction of Chateau du Haut Koenigsbourg

The history of Chateau du Haut Koenigsbourg goes back to the twelfth century. Various castles were constructed on this strategic point where the 700-m (2,300-ft) high Vosges Mountains allow for clear views of the Rhine Valley.

Illustrious medieval families associated with Haut Koenigsbourg include the Hohenstaufen and Habsburg imperial dynasties. At the time of the Thirty Years War (1618-48), Haut Koenigsbourg (or at that time more likely Hohkönigsburg) belonged to the Hapsburg Emperors. As a result, the castle was destroyed in 1633 by Swedish troops after a 52-day siege. The castle would remain in ruins up to the twentieth century.

Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Restoration of Haut Koenigsbourg

During the nineteenth century, the town of Sélestat came into possession of the ruins of Castle Haut Koenigsbourg. The town planned to reconstruct the castle but due to a lack of funds came up with an even better plan. The ruins were donated to the German Emperor Kaiser Wilhelm II, who had both the inclination and the money to rebuild the castle. (Alsace again became part of Germany after the Prussian-French War of 1870-71.)

Bodo Ebhart, Kaiser Wilhelm’s architect, did a splendid job in his attempts to reconstruct the castle as it may have appeared prior to its destruction in the seventeenth century. The new Schloss Hoch Königsburg was completed by 1908. Specialists will be able to pick out numerous architectural and historical errors but for most visitors, Chateau du Haut Koenigsbourg comes very close to what a real medieval castle should look like.

Chateau du Haut Koenigsbourg as French National Monument

After the First World War (1914-18), Alsace reverted back to France. The Schloss turned into a Chateau as Haut Koenigsbourg came into the possession of the French state. The castle was only designated a French national monument in 1993.

Given its history, Chateau du Haut Koenigsbourg is as much a top German as French castle to see when touring this lovely part of Europe. To the east of the Rhine is the German Black Forest while the French Vosges Mountains to the west are equally picturesque. Both Baden and Alsace produce exceptional wines and are known for excellent cuisine, inviting restaurants, and fine hotels.



Tags: Архитектура
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